Above- and below-ground carbon accumulation and biomass allocation in poplar short rotation plantations under Mediterranean conditions
Publication date: 15 November 2018
Source:Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 428
Author(s): N. Oliveira, R. Rodríguez-Soalleiro, C. Pérez-Cruzado, I. Cañellas, H. Sixto, R. Ceulemans
Beside the production of biomass, short rotation coppice (SRC) poplar plantations can also contribute to carbon sequestration in the soil through their below-ground biomass. The present study evaluated the allocation of above and below-ground biomass at the end of the first rotation of four SRC plantations under Mediterranean conditions. The genotypes evaluated are commonly used for biomass plantations, i.e. genotypes ‘AF2’ and ‘I-214’ (Populus × canadensis Mönch), and ‘Monviso’ (P. × generosa Henry × P. nigra L.). No significant differences among genotypes were found with regard to below-ground biomass yield. The root:shoot ratio decreased in line with the growth in shoot basal diameter, with values ranging from 0.15 to 0.26. The accumulation of carbon in the below-ground fraction of the biomass ranged from 0.86 to 0.91 Mg C ha−1 yr−1, whereas the above-ground carbon accumulation ranged from 3.89 to 6.48 Mg C ha−1 yr−1. A general as well as a genotype-specific allometric model allowed to accurately predict the below-ground biomass yield using shoot basal diameter as the predictor variable. Both models provide an important tool to quantify the carbon accumulated in the below-ground fraction of the biomass.
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