New research, April 30 – May 6, 2018

New research, April 30 – May 6, 2018

https://ift.tt/2rzP5BF

A selection of new climate related research articles is shown below.

Climate change mitigation

Climate change communication

Bringing the Heat Home: Television Spots about Local Impacts Reduce Global Warming Denialism

"Respondents exposed to the campaign were more likely to believe that global warming is happening, to accept the scientific consensus, to be more concerned about impacts and more supportive of policy solutions."

Teaching environmental policy in an era of polarization and misrepresentation

Climate Change and Energy Technologies in Undergraduate Introductory Science Textbooks

Climate-related Community Knowledge Networks as a Tool to Increase Learning in the Context of Environmental Change (open access)

Between Guilt and Obligation: Debating the Responsibility for Climate Change and Climate Politics in the Media

Perceptions of seasonal weather are linked to beliefs about global climate change: evidence from Norway

"Respondents’ perceptions are sensitive to observed differences in both temperature and precipitation, but respondents are more likely to accurately perceive local precipitation than local temperature. Controlling for observed conditions, beliefs about global climate change had a large effect on perceptions of seasonal temperature, and smaller effects on perceptions of seasonal precipitation."

Emission savings

Dynamic change in energy and CO2 performance of China’s commercial sector: A regional comparative study

An integrated analysis of households’ electricity consumption in Israel

Revisiting the contribution of land transport and shipping emissions to tropospheric ozone (open access)

Standards and policies for very high energy efficiency in the urban building sector towards reaching the 1.5°C target

The potential and economics of EV smart charging: A case study in Shanghai

Engagement of scientific community and transparency in C accounting: the Brazilian case for anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions from land use, land-use change and forestry (open access)

Carbon and material footprints of a welfare state: Why and how governments should enhance green investments (open access)

An analysis of the association among carbon dioxide emissions, energy consumption and economic performance: an econometric model

CO2 emission from container glass in China, and emission reduction strategy analysis

A review of land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia (open access)

Energy production

Global carbon budgets and the viability of new fossil fuel projects

"In our case study of Canada’s oil sands, we find a less than 5% probability that oil sands investments, and therefore new oil pipelines, would be economically viable over the next three decades under the 2 °C carbon budget."

Adoption of solar and wind energy: The roles of carbon pricing and aggregate policy support

Wind energy exploration over the Atacama Desert: a numerical model-guided observational program (open access)

Mitigating the impact of personal vehicle electrification: A power generation perspective

Assessment of the potential implications of a 1.5 °C versus higher global temperature rise for the Afobaka hydropower scheme in Suriname

The early retirement challenge for fossil fuel power plants in deep decarbonisation scenarios

"Regional analysis exposed disproportionate impacts in China and India, shouldering the vast majority of the costs and amplifying concerns over energy access and affordability. Policies such as burden-sharing for equitable mitigation, investment into CCS technology, and international financial compensation are discussed as potential avenues for mitigating this impact."

Committed emissions from existing and planned power plants and asset stranding required to meet the Paris Agreement (open access)

A weather regime characterisation of Irish wind generation and electricity demand in winters 2009–11 (open access)

Climate Policy

Border Adjustments Supplementing Nationally Determined Carbon Pricing

Is the 1.5°C target possible? Exploring the three spheres of transformation (open access)

Renewable energy subsidies versus carbon capture and sequestration support

Integrating carbon dioxide removal into EU climate policy: Prospects for a paradigm shift

Governing China’s Coal Challenge: Changing Public Policy, Debate and Advocacy

Effective incentives for reforestation: lessons from Australia’s carbon farming policies

Geoengineering

Climate response to aerosol geoengineering: a multi-method comparison

Thermal removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere: energy requirements and scaling issues

Climate change

Temperature, precipitation, wind

Global Monsoon Precipitation: Trends, Leading Modes and Associated Drought and Heat Wave in the Northern Hemisphere

Observed changes in precipitation in China-Pakistan economic corridor during 1980–2016

Agriculturally Relevant Climate Extremes and Their Trends in the World’s Major Growing Regions (open access)

Potential impacts of 1.5 °C and 2 °C global warming on rainfall onset, cessation and length of rainy season in West Africa (open access)

Mechanisms Governing the Development of the North Atlantic Warming Hole in the CESM-LE Future Climate Simulations

Extreme events

Quantitative attribution of climate effects on Hurricane Harvey’s extreme rainfall in Texas (open access)

Statistical analyses of extreme rainfall events in Thessaloniki, Greece

Global predictability of temperature extremes (open access)

Influence of blocking on Northern European and Western Russian heatwaves in large climate model ensembles (open access)

Forcings and feedbacks

On the choice of ensemble mean for estimating the forced signal in the presence of internal variability

"In line with previous results, we find that on average the surface air temperature variability decreases at higher latitudes, particularly over the ocean along the sea ice margins, while variability in precipitation increases on average, particularly at high latitudes. Variability in sea level pressure decreases on average in the Southern Hemisphere, while in the Northern Hemisphere there are regional differences."

A study of atmospheric mixing of trace gases by aerial sampling with a multi-rotor drone (open access)

Simple estimates of polar amplification in moist diffusive energy balance models

Key drivers of ozone change and its radiative forcing over the 21st century (open access)

Long-term monitoring of black carbon across Germany (open access)

The role of individual surface flux components in the passive and active ocean heat uptake

Cryosphere

Combined Geophysical Measurements Provide Evidence for Unfrozen Water in Permafrost in the Adventdalen Valley in Svalbard

A new digital elevation model of Antarctica derived from CryoSat-2 altimetry (open access)

How dynamic are ice-stream beds? (open access)

The coldest places in Hawaii: The ice-preserving microclimates of high-altitude craters and caves on tropical island volcanoes (open access)

Hydrosphere

Increased Winter‐Mean Wave Height, Variability, and Periodicity in the Northeast Atlantic Over 1949–2017

Contribution of environmental forcings to US runoff changes for the period 1950–2010 (open access)

The competing impacts of climate change and nutrient reductions on dissolved oxygen in Chesapeake Bay (open access)

"We find that climate change will move the onset of hypoxia ~7 days earlier, while also decreasing oxygen in the bay primarily due to increased temperature. While this effect is smaller than the increase in oxygen due to nutrient reduction, it is enough to limit the regulation’s future effectiveness."

Atmospheric and oceanic circulation

Coupling of the Quasi‐Biweekly Oscillation of the Tibetan Plateau Summer Monsoon With the Arctic Oscillation

Carbon cycle

A global map of mangrove forest soil carbon at 30 m spatial resolution (open access)

"Projecting this model across the global mangrove forest distribution for the year 2000 yielded an estimate of 6.4 Pg C for the top meter of soil with an 86–729 Mg C ha−1 range across all pixels. By utilizing remotely-sensed mangrove forest cover change data, loss of soil carbon due to mangrove habitat loss between 2000 and 2015 was 30–122 Tg C with >75% of this loss attributable to Indonesia, Malaysia and Myanmar."

The importance of forest structure for carbon fluxes of the Amazon rainforest (open access)

Spatially Resolved Isotopic Source Signatures of Wetland Methane Emissions (open access)

Year-round simulated methane emissions from a permafrost ecosystem in Northeast Siberia (open access)

Large and active CO2 uptake by coupled carbonate weathering

ForC: a global database of forest carbon stocks and fluxes (open access)

Climate change impacts

Mankind

Dynamic response of airborne infections to climate change: predictions for varicella

Assessing climate risks across different business sectors and industries: an investigation of methodological challenges at national scale for the UK (open access)

Climate change, population, and poverty: vulnerability and exposure to heat stress in countries bordering the Great Lakes of Africa

Vulnerability assessment of future flood impacts for populations on private wells: utilizing climate projection data for public health adaptation planning

Biosphere

A global climate niche for giant trees

Chronosequences of ant nest mounds from glacier forelands of Jostedalsbreen, southern Norway: Insights into the distribution, succession and geo-ecology of red wood ants (Formica lugubris and F. aquilonia)

Modeling the dynamic vegetation-climate system over China using a coupled regional model

Global assessment of the effect of climate change on ammonia emissions from seabirds

Spatial scale dependence of factors driving climate regulation services in the Americas

The duality of ocean acidification as a resource and a stressor (open access)

Interactive effects of climate change and biodiversity loss on ecosystem functioning

Vulnerability of Amazon forests to storm-driven tree mortality (open access)

Contrasting drivers and trends of coniferous and deciduous tree growth in interior Alaska

Adaptation strategies of yak to seasonally driven environmental temperatures in its natural habitat

Pacific Decadal and El Niño oscillations shape survival of a seabird

Other impacts

Analyzing climate change and surface-subsurface interactions using the Postojna Planina Cave System (Slovenia) as a model system

Other papers

Palaeoclimatology

Aerosol-Climate Interactions During the Last Glacial Maximum (open access)

Open-paleo-data implementation pilot – the PAGES 2k special issue (open access)

Reconstruction of the regional summer ground surface temperature in the permafrost region of Northeast China from 1587 to 2008

 

Superforest,Climate Change

via Skeptical Science https://ift.tt/qyNqmM

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