Three-toed Woodpecker cavities in trees: A keystone structural feature in forests shows decadal persistence but only short-term benefit for secondary cavity-breeders

Three-toed Woodpecker cavities in trees: A keystone structural feature in forests shows decadal persistence but only short-term benefit for secondary cavity-breeders

http://ift.tt/2EsMmm4

Publication date:
Source:Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 413
Author(s): Timo Pakkala, Juha Tiainen, Markus Piha, Jari Kouki

Superforest

via ScienceDirect Publication: Forest Ecology and Management http://ift.tt/xxwarn

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